These volcanic islands are inhabited by a population of over 3,000 giant lizards, whose appearance and aggressive behaviour have led to them being called ‘Komodo dragons’. They exist nowhere else in the world and are of great interest to scientists studying the theory of evolution. The rugged hillsides of dry savannah and pockets of thorny green vegetation contrast starkly with the brilliant white sandy beaches, mangrove swamps and the blue waters surging over coral reefs which are degraded but remain diverse.
COUNTRY Indonesia – Lesser Sunda Islands
NAME Komodo National Park (Taman Nasional Komodo)
NATURAL WORLD HERITAGE SERIAL SITE
1991: Inscribed on the World Heritage List under Natural Criteria vii and x.
1977: Designated a Biosphere Reserve under the UNESCO Man & Biosphere Programme (173,300 ha).
IUCN MANAGEMENT CATEGORY
Komodo National Park: II (National Park)
Way Wuul Mburak Nature Recreation Park: Ia (Strict Nature Reserve)
Mbeliling & Ngorang Protection Forest: VI (Resource Reserve)
Lesser Sunda Islands (4.23.13)
Komodo Island in East Nusa Tenggara province in south-central Indonesia lies in the Sape Straits between the islands of Flores and Sumbawa between 8°24′ to 8°50’S and 119°21′ to 119°49’E.